Common Cement Floor Finishes for DIYers

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Cement floors combine long-term durability, customizing possibilities to provide an excellent solution for any environment.


Cement is a durable and long-lasting material that requires little maintenance. In most cases, a cement slab serves as the foundation of the structure. The material’s exposed surface is often found hiding under various types of floor coverings.


To improve the look of cement floors, different treatments may be applied, such as stained, polished, or painted flooring. Many of these treatments will offer extra protection for the cement by sealing it against water penetration and creating a simple coating to clean.

Pavers, wood, stone, tile, and linoleum are excellent alternatives to conventional flooring materials such as marble, tile, stone, carpet, and vinyl. Cement is very long-lasting, incredibly durable, and simple to maintain. It is a cost-effective and ecologically responsible way to replace or repair existing floors.

A wide variety of geometric patterns may be created on polished floors because of the smooth, reflecting surface of the material, allowing for a variety of scoring and coloring choices and creating borders, grids, bands, and lines. Color selections, textures, patterns, and finish options combine to provide an almost infinite number of design alternatives.

Depending on the condition of the cement and the treatment used, it is sometimes possible to create a broad range of visually appealing results. Also, it can be a great home project for DIYers.

A point to remember to clean the floors with floor cleaners before starting the project, the product is available in the market, or make it yourself.

So, without further delay, let us get to know some of the most common floor finishes.

Painted Floors

Epoxy treatments are often used to seal and restore cement flooring that has been damaged. It is a durable substance that may be poured into gaps and fissures to aid with surface leveling. However, epoxy comes in a variety of colors, allowing you to create custom colors and patterns for the floor. 

Indeed, epoxy-coated cement floors enable the creation of all the effects achievable with conventional paint. If you are wondering about the selection and application of the best cement floor paints, you can check out

Floor epoxy is basically a kind of paint in which two components are mixed before application: a liquid catalyst and a liquid hardener. Unlike conventional paint, which dries, epoxy hardens due to a chemical interaction between the components. The surface is very hard and durable, so it is often utilized in commercial applications with heavy traffic. 

However, it is also suitable for homes. It is a simple procedure similar to painting any surface. Typically, the most challenging aspect is drawing the design, especially if you want something complex with many colors, such as a checkerboard.

This type of floor is coated in a range of vibrant hues using the medium. The influence of the hues is continued throughout the room, including the walls and artwork. This demonstrates how style-specific a painted floor may be to coordinate with other design components in the space.

Stained Floors

A colorful stain is the most often used enhancing treatment for floors that have previously been polished. It is one method of adding color and creating an incredibly fresh appearance and smooth surface. Stained surfaces give an aesthetic touch to floors. They provide stunning variegated, transparent, and uneven color effects.

Using stain results in an opulent, deep hue that cannot be achieved any other way. Unlike a thick coat of opaque paint, staining penetrates the floor, infusing it with transparent and brilliant tones. Colors vary according to application methods and the surfaces to which they are applied. The finished product may take the appearance of stained wood, natural stone, polished marble, or even tanned leather.

Acid-based Stains

Acid-stained floors often mimic the appearance of other flooring materials, particularly marble, because of the color fluctuation. Additionally, you may simulate a tile floor by adding fake grout lines to your cement. Grout lines were added to this type of the floor by etching the cement after the staining process.

The lines are created using a basic grid pattern to appear like a large-scale tiling. However, etching can be used to produce more complex designs on the surface of a floor. Besides, there are many stencils and stamps designed mainly for cement floors, allowing one to create a design that complements their style and environment.

Water-based Stains

Water-based stains provide color to cement with pigments rather than chemical processes. Water, pigment, and binders are the three primary components. Water acts as a carrier, allowing the substance to flow.

Beyond the more muted palette of acid-based stains, the water-based stain offers a wide range of shades. Numerous types are available, including black, white, and even metallic. Additionally, it penetrates the cement, imparting a permanent color that ranges from transparent to opaque.

Water-based stains work by penetrating the pores of the cement and bond with it. They do not, however, change the chemical composition of the cement. This indicates that they are not irreversible. However, they may wear away if you do not use a sealant.

Polished Floors

Many contemporary loft-style residences use cement as a design element. This one has a stained and polished floor and an unpainted cement beam. Again, the interaction of industrial and ornamental components creates dynamic tension and gives the room a unique aesthetic appeal.

Polished floors are created by abrading the surface with increasingly finer abrasive pads. If you use the finest grit of pads, you may obtain a very high-gloss, mirror-like surface. Alternatively, you may pause at any stage in the procedure to get the desired degree of polish. In the end, the floor is sealed to provide a protective shine.

While it is feasible for a do-it-yourselfer to hire the equipment necessary for the job, it is not a simple task. Also, it may be difficult to identify the appropriate grit of abrasive pads to employ without expertise. Therefore, it is preferable to leave polishing to experts who have both the equipment and the knowledge.


There are several other cement floors finishes, which are quite unique and appealing. Painted, stained, or polished cement floor finishes are easy even for beginners. So, good luck with your home remodeling.